The Pantera Webstore - cheap car parts for maintainance or upgrade
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Car equipment, car maintainance products
Welcome to this online store of equipment for cars and other vehicles. By clicking at the banners you will find a huge collection of equipment for all car models. Further down on this page there are especially featured some products for rust protection and treatment against rust and also some other products. Further down on this page there are also articles about rist protection auto maintenance.
Fine places to buy cheap and good car products
Low price store with vehicle security devices, car electronics - GPS navigators, audio/video
and much more - This store sells advanced products from many fields for reduced prices. The stores have a great inventory of car electronics and security
products. You can however find products of any type in these stores.
Vehicle security products, Comodities to use in your vehicle and on journeys - car workshop tools car elctronic and car security - All types ofcomodities that are useful in your car or on journeys: Bags, containers, lights and lanterns, audio/video, coolers, heaters, seat covers, grooming and cleaning equipment, Also a lot of car parts, equipment to install in your car and workshop tools. You can find many car security products here.
All kinds of equipement for the internal and external of your car. Map systems and GPS navigation units - By clicking at the banner below, you will find a great collection of accessories for your car, like lanterns, antennas, auto radio / stereo / music, communication electronics, security equipment, GPS nevigation equipment, dashboard equipment, car body parts, washers, window accessories, interior styling, bags, tool boxes, interior lights, seat equipment and more. There are also tools and performance parts.
Core techical parts for all car fabricates and models - This is an enormous warehouse of all those techical parts that make your car roll and parts used to controle the car, like parts for motor, transmission, suspension, stearing, electric supply, fuel and air supply, wheels, brakes and more. You also find a huge inventory of parts for performance upgrade, cargo conainment and cargo loading.
Equipment for trucks, jeeps and other great vehicles - This is a great store of truck parts and offroad car equipment and for tools used during heavy transportation and offroad work.
Examples of the many products available - especially rust protection and removal items for cars, boats and domestic properties
Some other items
Nitro or electric driven remote control
models of car, airplanes and helicopters and other hobby items:
All kind of hobby items - RC helicopters, RC cars, RC airplanes, RC robots, RC boats, airsoft guns, electronics and much more
Natural drugs for common health problems
Natural medicines to increase potency and improve sexual functions. items to amplify sexual lust.
Supplements to maintain general health and condition
Skincare, cosmetics and fashion
Anti-aging supplements for the skin and the whole body
Cellphones, computers and electronic equipment
Here are some advices about car maintainance. To find other information resources, please go to this page
About Rust and Rust Protection
Rust is a compounds of iron (Fe) and oxygen (O) and often also hydrogen (H). According to the composition rust may be yellow, reddish, brownish or blackish. Since the rust is not strong as the iron itself, but breaks away and leave holes and areas with reduced thickness, rust is a sort of corrosion.
Ommo components of rust are hydrated iron(III)
oxides Fe2O3·nH2O and iron(III) oxide-hydroxide (FeO(OH) and iron-hydroxide
Fe(OH)3). Rusting is the common term for corrosion of iron and its alloys, such
as steel. In these oxides iron has the valence and oxidation number III.
These kind of exids are mechanically weak, tend to draw more water into
themsleves and flake off.
Rust is a major problem of constructions composed of iron or ferrous materials. In certain metals compounds of metal and oxygen form a water-tight and air-tight layer that prevents further corrosion inside the metal. Stainless steel is made with alloys so thet such layers are formed.
The rust on iron, however, form flakes that
loosen and crack so that oxygen and humidity reaches steadily further into.
Finally there will be holes or the material breaks apart.
The presense of humidity and oxygen together disposes for formation of rust. If the matrial is often worm it will rust faster. Presense of dissolved salts, sulphur dioxide or carbon dioxide in the water accelerates the rusting heavily.
Treatment of cars to hinder rusting and repair for rusting
Rust can often be prevented by galvanization where a lyer of another metal is deposited onto the iron. This is done either by electolysis or by dipping the iron in melted metal. The metal used must be of the kind that form oxygen layers thet are unpermeable to water and air, for example zink or crome.
Rust can also be prevented by alloying the iron with a metal that form a tight oxygen layer at the surface. Iron-based metals with such composition is called stainless steal.
In cars it is not practicle to make the whole vehicle of stailess steel, because of the costs and because that kind of steal do ot have the right mechanical prpperties. Galvanizing all parts or specially exposed parts is a common procedure.
Alternatively, iron constructions can be protected with petroleum-based products, particularly for cars.
Old cars often do not have galvanized constructions. When a car is some years old, there will often also be injuries to the galvanization covering the iron parts.
In these cars vital parts that bear the construction should be protected by some oil-based product or some protective anamel paint.
If there allready is rust present, all loose rust must be scrached off. Then you must use a product upon the rusty parts that combines with the remaining rust and make a strong protective layer.
Then you can paint upon the treated parts or
you can use an oil-based sheet for further protection.
Chemical reactions during rusting
By rusting electrons are tranfered from iron to oxygen and under combination of the resulting oxygen ions with water to OH-,
2 Fe > 2 Fe2+ + 4 e−
O2 + 4 e- + 2 H2O > 4 OH-
These reactions are strongly accelerated by low Ph. Then the resulted iron ions react once more with oxygen to form Fe3+.
2 Fe2+ + O2 > 2 Fe3+ + O2−
Then the ironIII-ions and OH- ions combine to form one component of the rust, iron-III-hydroxide.
Fe3+ + 3 OH- > Fe(OH)3.
Then also this reaction will occur:
Fe3+ + O2- + OH- > FeO(OH).
Additionally, the following multistep acid-base accelerated reactions affect the over-all result:
Fe2+ + 2 H2O > Fe(OH)2 + 2 H+
Fe3+ + 3 H2O > Fe(OH)3 + 3 H+
as do the following dehydration equilibria:
Fe(OH)2 > FeO + H2O
Fe(OH)3 > FeO(OH) + H2O
2 FeO(OH) > Fe2O3 + H2
Perform Your Own Automobile Maintenance
By: David Maillie
Today’s cars can typically be expected to pass the
200,000 mile mark with consistent automobile
maintenance. With the price of automobiles, you will want to protect that
investment by performing regular maintenance. If you can do much of the work
yourself, you will save a lot of money in labor. Invest in a good set of tools
and choose quality parts when performing your own automobile maintenance.
If you have some skill, but want to learn more look for courses in general repairs and maintenance. These can often be found at your local community center, Community College or an automotive technical school in your area. Consider investing in a good repair manual for your car, such as a Chilton’s manual. The internet is a good place to look for articles and information. There are many sites devoted to auto repair and maintenance.
You will want to keep track of all maintenance performed on your car. You can do this in a log, a notebook or on your home computer. There is software available to help you keep track of maintenance. These programs track repairs, maintenance, replacement parts used on the vehicle and fuel consumption. You can use the same software for multiple vehicles.
Most software allows you to create a service schedule and will remind you when it’s time to perform maintenance tasks on each vehicle in your household. The software contains a wide variety of tips for car care. In addition, many have reference and diagnostic tools to help you diagnose various problems with your cars. Many companies offer a free trial that can be downloaded on the internet. This allows you to try out the program before investing your money.
Your owner’s manual will give you some basic information about when certain maintenance tasks should be done. Most tasks will be listed according to the mileage on the car.
3000 Mile Maintenance
Change the oil in your engine every 3000 miles. The filter should be changed at the same time. Newer synthetic oils are said to last longer without breaking down. When you change the oil, check the fluids, the air filter, tires, hoses and belts. At this time check the battery cables and terminals for corrosion. This can be removed with a wire brush or sandpaper.
Have your tires rotated and balanced every five to ten thousand miles. This helps the tires wear evenly and extends the life. The best tires should be put in the front of the car. Check the tire pressure regularly and check the tread for signs of uneven wear or damage.
Change the air filter every 15,000 miles. A clean air filter improves the fuel economy of your car. A dirty air filter can cause the engine to run rough and stall. At this time you should also check the pads and shoes on your brake system. Check the brake fluid and top it of, as needed. The fluid should be clear. If you notice noise when the brakes are applied or the steering wheel shakes or vibrates, this can be an indication that the brakes need replacing. In this case, don’t wait check the brakes and replace as needed.
Check the fluid level on your transmission. The owner’s manual will have information about the kind of fluid that should be used in your car. The manual should have directions on how to drain and replace the fluid. The pan gasket should be changed when the fluid is drained. Also at this time, give the car a tune up. Replace all spark plugs and wires.
Change the coolant at 50,000 miles. See the owner’s manual for directions on how to perform this task.
Remember to take care of your car’s finish. You want the paint to remain in good condition for as long as possible. Wash the car regularly, even in the winter when salt from the roads can ruin the finish. Apply wax to protect the paint from the sun, salt and weather conditions. Don’t neglect the headlights, which can become cloudy and won’t operate as well. New Lite Headlight Cleaner and Restorer will return cloudy headlights to like new condition. Learn more about this product at http://www.mdwholesale.com
Article Source: http://telladoc.com
David Maillie is a chemist with over 12 years experience in biochemical research and clynical analysis. He is an alumni of Cornell University and specializes in biochemical synthesis for public, private, and governmental interests. He holds numerous patents including his recently awarded patent for headlight cleaner and restorer. He can be reached at M.D. Wholesale: www.mdwholesale.com