The Pantera Webstore - automotive equipment.
Parts for radiators and coolant systems and spare radiators
Go here for main menu of car products and car information
Look further down for information about steam driven cars, about car coolant technology and how to keep your car coolant system properly working
Click here for male and female products for sexual pleasure, potency and genital enhancement
See here for RC models, airsoft guns, science kits and other hobby gear
Smart natural drugs for the most common health problems you encounter
Drugs and items for beauty care, skin care and for physical and mental rejuvenation
BACK TO MAIN MENY - All products including fashion, watches, skin-care, electronics, home equipment
Car spare parts and everything useful for car owners
Welcome to this online store of car parts. Buy clicking at the banners you will find a huge collection of car parts. Further down on this page there is also an article about the importance of maintaining the car coolant level right. There is also an article about steam driven cars and about car engine coolants.
Please look into these online sites to find affordable car parts
Below are presented some good online shops where you can buy spare part and equipment for cars, trucks, vans, motorcycles and other vehicles. All the shops contain most types of vehicle products. The decription indicate some important specialities of the shops.
Core mechanical, electric and engine parts. Also performance upgrades. Original and thirdparty parts for every thinkable car model. A great shop for cargo handling devices.
All kinds of equipement for the internal and external of your car. A great shop for car styling and performance parts.
Comodities to use in your vehicle and on journeys - a lot of audio, video and other electroni comodities. A lor of safety equipment. A great shop for garage tools and vehicle grooming products.
A general thechnology store with many good offers in car electronics like GPS map systems, tracking devices and communication equipment
Some of the many products available
Some more examples: Tread of The Body (Overview), The Brake System (An Overview, The Car and the Environment (Overview), The Catalytic Converter, The Clutch, The Clutch Pedal, Cables and Lever, The Clutch Plate, The Compressor, The Compressor Relay, The Condenser, The Cooling System, The Cylinder Head, The Differential, The Differential (Rear Wheel Drive), The Drive Shaft, The EGR Valve, The Electrical System (An Overview,The Emission Control System, The Engine System (An Overview), The Engine's Lubrication System, The Evaporator, The Exhaust Manifold and Header, The Fan Clutch. Oil Filler Cap Oil Filter Oil Gauge Oil Pan Oil Passages Oil Pump Oil Seals Oil Weight, One-way Clutch Bearings Other Problems Outlet and Inlet Valves Overhead Camshaft (OHC).
Other interesting products
All kind of hobby items - RC helicopters, RC cars, RC
airplanes, RC robots, RC boats, airsoft guns, electronics and much more
Products to care for the sexual potency and abilities, and for increased sexual pleasure - for men and women
Natural drugs for common health problems
Supplements to maintain general health and condition
Skincare, cosmetics and fashion
Anti-aging supplements for the skin and the whole body
Cellphones, computers and electronic equipment
Trend Times Toys - a great store for RC models, building kits, airsoft guns and other bonny items, nut also many types of tools and comodities for your home and workplace
Hobbytron - a great warehouse for RC models and other hobby items, it has a large inventory of items for hobby electronics
HobbyTron RC Cars
HobbyTron Airsoft guns
HobbyTron RC helicopters
Balance point - A blending of all vitamins, minerals and anti-oxidants you need to be healthy - This blending of vitamins, minerals and tissue-protecting anti-oxidants do not only contain those nutrients you find in the usual commercial vitamine and mineral products, but the formula also provides all these substances you need in tiny measures, and therefore is often forgot to include in the usual products. Furthermore it contains several natural substances that are not vitamins and minerals in the strict sense, but has shown to make the body work better and give enhanced energy.
Click here to learn more or buy - Multivitamin: Balance Point for Men
Click here to learn more or buy - Multivitamin: balance Point for Women
About steam driven cars
Stem driven cars were the first cars ever built. The first steam cars were built early in the 1800ths, but these were very heavy and unpractical devices. Around 1900 the steam engines for cars, the boiler and other equipment had evolved som much that the steam car was a very practical vehicle.
The internal parts in a stem driven car consists of the engine, the boiler, the fuel tank, the water tank and equipment to controle the combustion process in the boiler.
In addition to the throttle that controles the steam output, there are also automatic throttles for feeding of water to the boiler and feeding of fuel so that the pressure in the boiler is allways high enough.
Advanced steam cars also have a condencer so that the water can be reused continually.
Advanced steam cars have small boilers that continually produce the steam used so that very little steam is stored. This construction improves security and holds the boiler at a low weight.
A steam car do not need a gearbox or a clutch, since the steam engine have a torque allready from a low turning frequency and operates smoothley at all turning speeds.
Steam cars were actually more practical to use and more powerful than internal combustion engine cars up to around 1925 and in many parts of the USA, steam cars were prefered a long time.
A stem engine with a size to be fit into a car where and still is more powerful than a combustion engine of the same size. A main reason for this is that a steam engine can be constructed for double action and thus be driven by steam pressure both above and belove the piston and because steam engines will get new steam to drive the piston at each cycle.
The problem with steam cars is a bad utilization of the fuel, a high weight that increases fuel consume and that it takes a fairly long time to start it. These are the main reasons why steam cars went out of fashion. The boiler, water tank and condencer are the parts that add weight.
Beacuse of the power an agility of steam engines, there are however still projects going on to construct new steam cars for commercial sale. If the problems of fuel econimics is solved, stem car might get into fashion once more. The problem of long time to start is however practically solved technically.
A Stanley Steamer - a popular steem car from 1923 ( A free picture from wikipedia).
If Your Car Engine is Starved For Coolant, it Will "Seize Up", Another Way of Saying "I Quit"
By Ralph Hoffmann
Most of us know from watching the old Western
movies that the old steam locomotives had a big cylinder full of water; when it
started to boil and the pressure began to rise, the space above the water filled
with “steam”, which is really not accurate; it was really full of hot water
vapor. Actual steam is invisible. What we call steam is really hot water vapor.
The engine and coolant system is really a simple boiler
Car engines operate on the same principal as a locomotive steam engine boiler. The difference is that instead of heating the water (coolant) with firewood or coal, we heat it with the hot engine where ignition is taking place inside of the cylinders at 2,000oF.
Modern car engine coolant systems are operated at about 220o F; which is above the 212oF that causes water to boil at sea level
As the coolant temperate exceeds 212oF, it begins to turn to steam and the pressure rises.. That means empty areas or volumes above the coolant levels will be filled with pressurized “steam”. The hot engine continues to add heat to the coolant until the coolant reaches about 220oF. The water pump continually moves the coolant around the engine cylinder block until the coolant temperature reaches about 212oF
Now the radiator starts to function
A temperature sensitive value now opens in the radiator, allowing the hot coolant to be pumped into the radiator where the air being pushed out of the way by the moving car will hopefully be enough to cool down the coolant enough to limit its temperature to 220oF. But the pressure in the entire coolant system now is greater than the outside air we are breathing. That means the coolant wants to get out, and it will, through any tiny crack it can find. Eventually some will get out and the coolant supply will decrease. If it decreases enough, the engine cannot be cooled enough and engine parts will expand and “seize”, ruining the engine.
How to avoid an overheated engine
To avoid this problem, the engine system has a clever makeup coolant tank connected to it through a check valve.`
What’s a check valve?
Here’s how to make one in your kitchen and see how one works. Take a throwaway plastic cup and make a round hole in its bottom. Take a round marble bigger than the hole and dump a lot of kitchen cleanser around the hole in the cup; then take the marble and rub it around the hole until it really make a nice round seat in the hole.
Now fill the cup half full of water. If you did a good job no water will sneak around the marble and drip out of the bottom of the cup. Hooray!
Now take your finger and slightly lift up the marble from beneath the cup, raising it slightly above the seat you created by scrubbing with cleanser (do it over the sink) and water will leak out on your finger.
You have just made a
one-way check valve
The coolant makeup tank has such a check valve in it but also has a spring to keep the ball pressed down on the valve seat. That side is toward the radiator, so that coolant under pressure cannot push back into the coolant makeup tank, which is under atmospheric pressure.
What happens when the car cools down?
When the coolant in the engine and radiator cools down to below boiling temperature, the steam that was above the liquid coolant will condense (turn back to water or coolant) and the coolant system will have a pressure that is less than the outside pressure of the air you are breathing………………a vacuum will form in the coolant system. Now it gets exciting.
The cycle reverses
While the engine was running, the hot coolant wanted to get out; but now that it has cooled down, the outside pressure (what you’re breathing) is more than the pressure in the coolant system (that includes the entire engine, the radiator and all the connecting hoses).
When this happens, the check value in the coolant is pushed by atmospheric pressure (the radiator side of this valve is simultaneously being “sucked” on by the vacuum in the coolant system), and fresh makeup coolant is pushed into the radiator, thereby replenishing coolant to normal.
So every time you stop and car and let the engine cool down, the whole system automatically restores the coolant level to normal without any driver assistance. Magic? You bet.
Always keep the coolant makeup reservoir at least half full. It’s usually under the hood in a plastic tank, nestled against the inside of one of the front fenders, and the coolant is always colored (in winter) so the level can be easily monitored.
Something to think about: The hot air you arrange to below on your feet, inside the car, is really inside air blowing across a very small radiator, just like the big job in front. It too goes through the same pressure increases and decreases as does the whole coolant system, since it is part of it.
So don’t ever kick with a sharp toe if you’re mad at it while the engine is running, or you will get a free bath of really, really hot, coolant water sprayed all over your feet.
Ralph Hoffmann graduated from the Univ. of Wisconsin, majoring in Applied Mathematics. He has ten years experience raising venture capital plus added business experience and has used his math and additional business background to develop web site
http://www.AutoTruckData.com for anyone intending to lease or purchase a new car.
Note: He's completely rebuilt three car engines, hands-on, and knows the difference between hydraulic valve lifters and tappets. He also writes on other automotive issues.
Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Ralph_Hoffmann