The Pantera Webstore - car equipment and spare parts
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Equipment and garage tools for cars and motorcycles
to this presentation of good online stores for vehicle parts and equipment and
of featuring of some of the products from these stores. Please click at the
banners or links to go into the stores to buy or browse the products in the
Further down on this page there is also an article about the working principles of hybrid cars and about the economy of hybrid cars.
Good places on the internet to by spare parts and equipment for cars
Parts for the motor and mechanical systems of the car
- This is a general car product shop. It has an especially great inventory of parts for the motor and for all the mechanical systems in the car. You also find a lot of cargo handling equipment here.
A good store of electric parts, mechanical parts,performance upgrade, and body parts for all types of cars
- This is a general car product shop with a great inventory of parts for the steering, lighting, brakes, body structure, windows, doors, suspenion, electrical system and exhaust system and styling. You also find chips and parts to upgrade the performance of the car motor and all other systems in the car.
Comodities to use in your vehicle
and on journeys, car electronics, cargo equipment, car sexurity and much more
- This general vehicle product shop has an especially good inventopry of equipment for the cabin, car styling equipment, devices to make journeys comfortable, cargo containers and holders, security devices, car electronics, oils and lubricants, products for wash and grooming, garage tools and tools to take with you in the car.
A good place to find equipment and styling products for trucks and offroad vehicles
- This is a great store of
offroad equipment. Here are presented links to two of the products. If you want
to browse the whole store to look at more products, you can click at any of the
A technology store with GPS navigators, Car audio and video and other car electronics
- This is a general warehouse with all types of techical equipment, among that a lot of car
items, and especially care electronics.
Exhibition of some products from the above stores
Some other items
All kind of hobby items - RC helicopters, RC cars, RC
airplanes, RC robots, RC boats, airsoft guns, electronics and much more
Natural drugs for common health problems
Supplements to maintain general health and condition
Skincare, cosmetics and fashion
Anti-aging supplements for the skin and the whole body
Cellphones, computers and electronic equipment
Information resources for our visitors - Here is an article about how hybrid cars work and one about the economy of hybrid cars. To find other information resources, please go to this page
Hybrid cars How They Operate
- By: seoprofessional
There are two main types of hybrid cars: series hybrid
cars and parallel hybrid cars.
Parallel hybrid cars work by using a combination of a traditional gas engine and a high output electric motor. The different elements of the engine start working at higher or lower levels of output are required. If the car is being driven carefully and accelerating at a reasonable level the electric motor will work on its own until a greater output is needed at a higher speed. Then the small high performances, in terms of fuel economy that is, gas engine takes over. This is a seamless almost unnoticeable process with a smooth transition of control from electric to gas power.
As the acceleration is powered by the electric motor the gas engine can be much smaller and more economical. There is no need for a great deal of energy, merely enough to keep the car at a steady speed, or to move the car from a mid range, around 40 mph to a higher speed. This requires a lot less energy than the initial movement from a standstill and consequently can be achieved with a lower level of power.
The parallel system of using both the gas engine and electric motor for hybrid cars means that there is less loss of power as when the car is traveling at higher speeds. As the energy is not required to go through the batteries and electric motor before providing power to the car. When traveling in this mode there is no need for the electric motor to operate and this also allows it to be recharged by the gas engine as the vehicle is traveling along. All ready for when the hybrid car slows and switches back to the electric motor.
Series Hybrid Cars: a series design works by powering the vehicle through an electric motor. The batteries supply the power to the motor. As the power arrives at the motor through the battery, series hybrid cars need a substantially larger reserve of power and consequentially a greater amount of batteries need to be carried in the car.
The motor only uses the exact amount of power required for the task in hand. If you spend hours in a traffic jam, you may get a little hot under the collar but your car will not be overheating. An electric motor does not need to tick over or idle when sitting in a jam; it will simply start turning when you start moving. When driving hybrid cars there will be no power (although maybe a little hair) lost even in the most extreme of gridlocks. As the motor will not be working when the vehicle is still, there is no need for the batteries to be recharged until power is again being lost when the car starts to move forward.
The large battery supply that is required for series hybrid cars is kept supplied with energy by a generator that runs from the main gas power unit. This only needs to operate when the batteries are in need of extra power so for much of urban driving there is no need for the motor to operate as only low levels of power are required. This allows the hybrid cars engine to run without emissions for city driving, especially if some higher powered driving, as for highways or main routes is done, and the consequent loss of power means that the hybrid cars batteries are brought upon to their full power supply by the gas motor when out of the urban environment.
There are advantages to both systems, but overall the parallel system is the most flexible for hybrid cars as it allows for the option of either power source to be transferred directly to drive the car without going through another separate means of transmission to the wheels.
Article Source: www.articlesbeyondbetter.com
Why Buy A Hybrid Car?
By: Ron King
For anyone interested in saving
money at the gas pump and helping the environment, the new hybrid cars are an
excellent choice. Small and fuel-efficient, hybrids are now being made by more
manufacturers than ever.
Although hybrids cost more, and can be hard to find due to high demand, it still pays to choose a hybrid. Consider the following reasons to buy a hybrid next time you are in the market for a new car.
Smaller, More Efficient Engines
The hybrid's fuel efficiency is increased by its small size and the use of lightweight materials. Periodic engine shut-off is another fuel saving feature of the hybrid. When it is stopped in traffic, the hybrid's engine temporarily shuts off. The engine restarts automatically when the car is put back in gear.
Hybrids are powered by the combination of an efficient gasoline engine backed by an electric motor for acceleration. The electric motor is powered by batteries that are recharged automatically by recapturing the kinetic energy usually lost during braking, known as regenerative braking. When the car is slowing down, the electric motor runs backwards, acting as a generator to charge the battery.
With this collection of advanced fuel efficiency features, hybrids can outperform conventional cars in several arenas.
Another reason hybrids are more environmentally friendly than conventional gas engines is that they idle less and use fuel more efficiently. The hybrid not only gets better gas mileage, it produces less pollution than other, non-hybrid cars. Some hybrids are getting 10 to 20 miles per gallon more than a regular gas engine. They are also capable of reducing harmful emissions by 90%.
Many hybrids use aerodynamic design to reduce drag and improve fuel efficiency. Low rolling tires made of special resistant rubber reduce friction on the road. The high capacity, nickel-metal-hydride battery pack is reliable and available to power the hybrid when needed. Hybrids also use the latest in power-train technology, for integrated power management that contributes to fuel efficiency.
Popularity Enhances Styles And Choices
More makes and models are now being offered as the popularity of hybrid cars continues to escalate. Buyers can now purchase the Honda Civic and Accord, Ford Escape, and Toyota Camry in hybrids. GMC and Chevrolet are currently making 2 hybrid pick-up trucks. In the near future, Saturn, Lexus, Honda, and Chevrolet will make hybrid SUVs available to the public. Chevrolet has plans to offer its Malibu in hybrid form in 2007.
You can get a hybrid that looks like a conventional car, such as the Ford Escape. Or you can choose a hybrid that looks completely different from anything else on the road, such as the Toyota Prius. With so many hybrid cars on the market, there is a style to suit almost everyone.
Tax Incentives Available
People who buy hybrids can get significant tax breaks from the US Federal government through 2006. The amount of your tax break is determined by your tax bracket and when you file. Some states are also starting to offer hybrid car tax breaks as well. Tax breaks backed up over the long run by lower fuel costs make hybrid cars a good buy.
Fuel Efficiency Becomes A Reality
Although most people have been aware of hybrids only in recent years, the technology has actually been around for a long time. Ferdinand Porsche built the first successful hybrid car in 1899. But hybrids first began to catch on in the 1990s when Honda introduced the Insight and Toyota introduced the Prius.
It's been a long wait, but fuel-efficient transportation is finally becoming a reality with the hybrid. As more of these cars take to the road, our air will become cleaner, and our country will be less dependent on foreign sources of oil.
Article Source: Articles Beyond Better
Visit Hybrid Cars to learn more. Ron King is a full-time researcher, writer, and web developer, visit his website at Website
Copyright 2005 Ron King.
This article may be reprinted if the resource box is left intact and the links live.